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                三峽大學英文網

                CAMPUS CULTURE
                Love and protect your eyes
                Release date:2021-03-29 10:48:09   publisher:   office viewed:

                Love and protect your eyes

                愛眼護眼,從我做起

                Eyes are our lifelong companions. It is particularly important to keep eyes healthy."Love eye care, start from me", next we will from how to prevent myopia, how to choose myopia glasses and myopia correction three aspects to bring you into scientific eye care.

                眼睛,是陪伴我們一生的伙伴,保持眼睛健康顯得尤為重要?!皭垩圩o眼,從我做起”,接下來我們將從如何預防近視、如何選擇近視眼鏡和近視矯正三個方面來帶大家走進科學護眼。

                How to prevent myopia如何預防近視

                Prevent myopia, work in peacetime. Here are some tricks to prevent myopia, let's take a look.

                預防近視,功在平時。以下是一些預防近視的小妙招,我們一起來看看吧。

                (1) Myopia Prevention and Control 20-20-20 Principle: For nearly 20 minutes, look up at an object 20 feet (6 meters) away for 20 seconds to completely relax the lash muscles.

                近視防控20-20-20原則:每看近20分鐘,抬頭望遠看20英尺(6米)外物體,持續20秒鐘,把睫狀肌徹底放松。

                (2) The best way to look far away to relax the lash muscles is to stare, try to stare at the farthest target, do not blink, last at least 10 seconds or more, until the target is a little blurred, eyes a little sour, and then can blink to rest. Have time to repeat a few more times, not a few minutes, but can better protect eye health.

                望遠放松睫狀肌最好的辦法就是凝視,努力盯著最遠處的目標看,不要眨眼,至少持續10秒以上,直到目標有點模糊,眼睛有點發酸,然后可以眨眼休息。有時間就重復多做幾次,花不了幾分鐘,卻可以更好保護眼部健康。

                (3) Lack of sleep in children and adolescents will increase the probability of myopia, myopia Early.

                兒童青少年睡眠不足會使近視概率增大,近視提早。

                (4) At the same time turn on the table lamp, background lamp, environmental lamp can reduce eye fatigue, prevent myopia increase.

                同時打開臺燈,背景燈,環境燈可以減輕眼睛疲勞,預防近視度數增加。

                How to choose myopia glasses.如何選擇近視眼鏡

                When buying glasses, to choose a regular professional mirror point, and to consider the following points to buy the right glasses for themselves.

                購買眼鏡的時候,要選擇正規專業的配鏡點,并且要考慮以下幾點去購買合適自己的眼鏡。

                (1) The light is to be accurate.

                驗光要準確。

                The photorescopy is the main basis for the mirror. The accuracy of the light examination is directly related to the success rate of the matching glasses. The first degree of optometum should be accurate, and the difference between the upper and lower should not exceed 12.5 degrees of the prescription for the mirror; Secondly, the astration axis should be accurate, and the general axial difference should be limited to positive and negative l 1 3 degrees; Again, the pitch should be accurate, requiring that the pitch be equal to the lens optical heart distance. If the photography does not pay attention to the above-mentioned clearance, the glasses made will appear blurred visual imaging, long-term visual fatigue, dizziness, nausea, and even the appearance of adverse reactions such as resention. Optomet testing is best to go to a professional ophthalmology hospital, children's optometum or the first time with glasses, must use scattered light, so as to be accurate.

                驗光是配鏡的主要依據。驗光的準確與否,與配制成的眼鏡成功率有直接關系。驗光首先度數要準確,其上下差距不應超過配鏡處方的12.5度;其次散光軸向要準確,一般軸向差異應限制在正負l一3度之間;再次瞳距要準確,要求瞳距要等于鏡片光心距。如果驗光不注意上述的把關,配制成的眼鏡片會出現視物成像模糊、久視疲勞、頭暈、惡心,甚至出現復視等不良反映。驗光最好要到專業的眼科醫院去,兒童驗光或者第一次配眼鏡,一定要用散瞳驗光,這樣才準確。

                (2)Mirror selection.

                配鏡選擇。

                After the examination, you will take a good photo x-ray to the eyeglass shop with glasses. Note that the eyeglass shop has professional qualifications. In addition, the sophisticated shop will also measure the nose height, nose width, eye and ear distance, frame forward inclination, these are also indicators of whether the glasses wear comfortable. After wearing, it is recommended to try on, try on a longer time, in order to determine whether the glasses are suitable.

                驗好以后就要帶好驗光單去眼鏡店配眼鏡了。注意眼鏡店具有專業的資質。另外,考究的店還會測鼻高、鼻寬,眼耳的距離、鏡框的前傾角,這些也是眼鏡戴起來是否舒適的指標。配好之后建議試戴,試戴時間要長一些,這樣才能確定眼鏡是否合適。

                (3) Mirror frame selection.

                鏡架選擇。

                The choice of frame is not only beautiful and good-looking, but also has a great relationship to whether the worn-in glasses can be worn correctly. Therefore, when selecting the frame, pay special attention to the pupil distance and the optical center of the spectacle lens should be placed in a suitable position, and should also match the face shape, so that the matching glasses are not only beautiful and generous, wear it will feel comfortable. How to choose the frame? After all, glasses are worn on the face, there is decorative effect, so still want to see whether it is suitable for their own face shape, in addition to light weight, the size of the frame to be suitable, it is best to measure the pitch, otherwise easy to produce squint and diagonal situation.

                鏡架的選用不單是美觀好看,而且對磨成的眼鏡能否正確配戴關系很大。因此配鏡選鏡架時要特別注意,把瞳孔距離與眼鏡片的光學中心要擺在相適應的位置上,并且還應與臉型相匹配,這樣配成的眼鏡不但美觀大方,戴起來會感到舒服。怎么選擇鏡架呢?眼鏡畢竟是戴在臉上的,有裝飾作用,所以還是要看是否適合自己的臉型,另外重量要輕、鏡架大小要適宜,最好測量一下瞳距,否則容易產生斜視和對視的情況。

                (4)New mirror adaptation.

                新配鏡適應。

                Every time with new glasses, just put on when there will always be some dizziness, although the shop always said that this is normal, but in fact glasses must wear comfortable to be good, put on can not have obvious dizziness or visual deformation. Don't let the eyes fit the glasses, be sure to make the glasses fit our eyes.

                每次配新眼鏡,剛戴上的時候總會有些頭暈,雖然店家總是說這是正常的,但其實眼鏡一定要佩戴舒服才算好,戴上后不能有明顯的頭暈或視物變形。不能讓眼睛適合眼鏡,一定要讓眼鏡來適合我們的眼睛。

                Correction of myopia.近視矯正

                The corrective methods of myopia are divided into three main categories:

                近視的矯正方法主要分為三大類:

                (1) The first category is to wear frame glasses, once found that the child appears true myopia should be timely to give your child frame glasses to correct vision. Frame glasses lenses are divided into a variety of types, a variety of functional lenses have their own advantages. The rate of myopia development can be controlled to some extent.

                第一類是佩戴框架眼鏡,一旦發現孩子出現真性近視就應該及時給孩子驗配框架眼鏡來矯正視力??蚣苎坨R的鏡片分為多種類型,各種功能鏡片有自己的優點??梢詮囊欢ǔ潭壬峡刂平暟l展的速度。

                (2) The second corrective method is to wear corneal plastic mirror, some children have myopia growth too fast or not suitable for wearing frame glasses, parents may consider wearing corneal plastic mirror for their children to control the development rate of myopia. At present, the most effective way to control the development rate of myopia clinically is to wear corneal plastic mirror.

                第二種矯正方法為佩戴角膜塑形鏡,某些孩子出現近視度數增長過快的情況或者不適合佩戴框架眼鏡的情況,家長可以考慮給孩子配戴角膜塑形鏡來控制近視發展速度。目前,在臨床上控制近視發展速度最有效的方法即為佩戴角膜塑形鏡。

                (3) The third method is surgical correction of myopia, but it is not suitable for minor period. You usually need to be at least18 years old before you think about it. Now the technology is also very advanced, has reached the stage of all-flying second laser surgery, in fact, the principle is to cut on the cornea or make a lens, so that parallel light into the eye after the focus falls on the retina, so you can see the distant things clearly.

                第三種方法為手術矯正近視,但是手術矯正近視這種方法不適合在未成年時期進行。一般都需要年滿,18周歲之后再考慮?,F在技術也非常的先進,已經到了全飛秒激光手術的階段,其實這個原理就是在角膜上進行切削或者制作一個透鏡,使平行光線進入眼睛后焦點落于視網膜上,于是就能看清楚遠處的東西。



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